One of the popular grill vegetables! Brinjals, also known as eggplants (Solanum melongena), are warm-season vegetables treated as annuals by most gardeners.
Due to their tropical and subtropical classification, eggplants require relatively high temperatures, comparable to tomatoes and peppers.
They grow fastest at temperatures between 23 and 30 degrees Celsius and very slowly in colder weather.
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Learn more about planting, growing, harvesting and cooking these delicious deep purple vegetables.
Brinjal has several varieties and is usually a beautiful dark purple color and varied sizes and shapes. Eggplants usually grow and hang from the branches of a plant that can reach several meters in height. Because they need sunny soil, plants are usually purchased as transplants 6 to 8 weeks old, started indoors about two months in advance to get it going.
Raised gardens enhanced with composted manure are an ideal growing site for eggplants because the soil warms up easily. Brinjal plants are also excellent for containers and make beautiful ornamental borders. There are quite a few ornamental eggplant varieties available today.
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When to Grow Brinjal Seeds –
- Seeds grow fastest at temperatures between 23 and 30 degrees. Start sowing indoors in flat or peat pots 8-9 weeks before the last spring frost date.
- Seeds germinate quickly in warm temperature, if you buy the seedlings of nursery transplants in large pots just before.
- Buy high-quality copies. Do not buy tall, weak plants or young plants that flower, otherwise you will have a lower yield.
- Choose a very spot with direct sunlight for best results.
- Eggplant grows best in a well-drained sandy loam or loam soil, rich in organic components.
- Soil pH should be between 5.8 and 6.5 for best germination.
- Eggplant requires moderate amounts of fertilizer.
- About a week before planting, mix about 1 inch of organic fertilizer into the planting bed.
- If you are growing brinjal seeds in pots, it is recommended that you use a dark colored container to absorb the sunlight.
- Any plant needs large planters or pots and should be placed in full sun and outdoors so it can be pollinated.
- Use a potting soil mix to prevent pests and healthy growth.
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How To Plant Brinjals-
- When transplanting, set 3 to 4-inch-tall seedlings 2 to 2 and a half feet apart in rows 3 to 4 feet apart.
- Water well after planting. Add a layer of mulch to retain moisture and suppress weeds.
- Provide support when climbing and to avoid crowding the ground later.
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Tips For The Best Growth Of Brinjal Plants-
- Brinjal plant will topple once full of fruit! Be sure to stake out tall plants or use a cage to support plants and keep them upright.
- If you are growing eggplants in pots or containers, secure the stems before the fruit forms.
- Take out the final grow tips for a bushy plant.
- Water enough to moisten the soil to a depth of at least 6 inches (15 cm) so that the soil is moist but not too wet. Consistent watering is best, and a soaker pipe or ground-level drip system is perfect.
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The crucial period for moisture is during fruit set and fruit development. Mulching can help evenly store moisture, retain water and reduce weeds.
Use a balanced compost twice during the growing season. Once when the first fruits are about a quarter size, with 3 measures of calcium nitrate per 10 foot row. Back in two to three weeks.