Growing bitter gourd in containers is possible. For better amount of harvest need a enough area, here are the steps you can follow and grow bitter gourd in containers:
Choose the right container:
Bitter gourd plants require a lot of space to grow, so you will need a large container. A 20-30 gallon container should be sufficient for one plant.
Prepare the soil:
Bitter gourd plants require well-draining soil with a pH between 6.0 and 6.5. Mix equal parts of garden soil, compost, and sand to create a well-draining soil mix.
Plant the seeds:
Plant 2-3 bitter gourd seeds in the center of the container about 1 inch deep. Cover with soil and water gently. Once the plants have germinated and are a few inches tall, thin them down to one plant per container.
Bitter gourd plants are climbing vines that require support to grow. Install a trellis or stake in the container and train the plant to climb it.
Water and fertilize regularly:
Bitter gourd plants require consistent moisture and nutrients. Water the plants deeply once a week or as needed, and fertilize them every two weeks with a balanced fertilizer.
Control pests and diseases:
Keep an eye out for pests such as aphids, spider mites, and whiteflies, and treat them with insecticidal soap or neem oil. Watch for signs of diseases such as powdery mildew or leaf spot and treat them with fungicides if necessary.
Harvest the bitter gourds:
Bitter gourds are ready to harvest when they are 4-6 inches long and have turned yellow-orange. Use a sharp knife or scissors to cut the gourds from the vine.
Benefits of bitter gourds
Bitter gourd, also known as bitter melon, is a vegetable that is commonly consumed in many parts of the world. It is a rich source of vitamins and minerals and has many potential health benefits, including:
- Helps control blood sugar: Bitter gourd is believed to help regulate blood sugar levels in people with diabetes. It contains compounds that mimic insulin and may help lower blood glucose levels.
- Boosts immune system: Bitter gourd is rich in antioxidants, which help to boost the immune system and protect against cell damage caused by free radicals.
- Promotes weight loss: Bitter gourd is low in calories and high in fiber, which makes it a great addition to a weight loss diet. The fiber in bitter gourd also helps to promote feelings of fullness and reduce hunger.
- Improves digestion: Bitter gourd is a good source of dietary fiber, which helps to promote healthy digestion and prevent constipation.
- Lowers cholesterol: Bitter gourd may help to lower cholesterol levels, which can reduce the risk of heart disease.
- Supports liver function: Bitter gourd contains compounds that help to protect the liver from damage and improve its function.
- Anti-inflammatory properties: Bitter gourd has anti-inflammatory properties that may help to reduce inflammation in the body and protect against chronic diseases such as cancer, Alzheimer’s, and arthritis.
Overall, bitter gourd is a nutritious vegetable with many potential health benefits. However, it is important to note that some people may find its bitter taste unpalatable, so it may be necessary to find creative ways to incorporate it into meals or consider taking it in supplement form.
Note :- Avoid to eat bitter gourd in pregnancy.